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Title Optimal Path Search for Robot Manipulator using Deep Reinforcement Learning
Authors (Yungmin Sunwoo) ; (Won Change Lee)
DOI https://doi.org/10.5573/IEIESPC.2021.10.5.424
Page pp.424-430
ISSN 2287-5255
Keywords Robot manipulator; Deep reinforcement learning; Optimal path; Robot simulator
Abstract Much research using deep reinforcement learning has been conducted to make robot manipulators perform certain tasks with little prior knowledge of the work environment. However, due to the high-dimension continuous action-state spaces that a robot manipulator must work in, it is difficult for deep reinforcement learning agents to find or even learn optimal policies. In this paper, we present a method for generating optimal paths for the end effector of a robot manipulator to move through. This is achieved by using images of the workspace that allow us to avoid the problems of high dimensionality while the system learns pick-and-place tasks using deep reinforcement learning. The robot simulator Webots was used to implement the robot model in a virtual work environment. Simulations confirmed that the robot manipulator is able to successfully move target objects from their starting points to their destinations while avoiding moving obstacles in real time, even if the size, position, and number of obstacles are varied.